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Peter Bauer
1915 -

British professor, member of the House of Lords, author of Class on the Brain (1978)

The notion that the incomes of the more prosperous have somehow been achieved at the expense of the less prosperous has had a long and disastrous history. In its consequences, it is perhaps the most pernicious of all economic misconceptions. ... In egalitarian discourse, the notion that the well-off have prospered at the expense of the poor is rarely far below the surface. This notion is useful or even necessary for the moral plausibility of politically organized redistribution. Without such an underpinning the case for redistributive taxation (which, in effect, is partial confiscation), or for other forms of expropriation, is not self-evident.