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Pierre-Joseph Proudhon
1809 - 1865

French anarchist philospher and libertarian socialist whose ideas (with those of Karl Marx and Josiah Warren) shaped the early foundations for communism, author of What is Property? (1840) and other works


...liberty is an absolute right because it is to man what impenetrability is to matter, a sine qua non of existence; equality is an absolute right because without equality there is no society; security is an absolute right because in the eyes of every man his own liberty and life are as precious as another's. These three rights are absolute, that is, susceptible of neither increase nor diminution because every member of society receives as much as he gives - liberty for liberty, equality for equality, security for security, body for body, soul for soul.

1840 - from his essay What is Property? An Inquiry into the Principle of Right and of Government
Communism is exploitation of the strong by the weak.

1846 - from his essay System of Economic Contradictions, or The Philosophy of Poverty
The newspapers are the cemeteries of ideas.

Liberty is the original condition of man; to renounce liberty is to renounce the quality of man.

1840 - from his essay What is Property? An Inquiry into the Principle of Right and of Government