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Miriam Bixby
Research Economist with the Fraser Institute

The Canadian Automobile Association (CAA) commissioned several scientific assessments by an independent consulting group, Energy and Environmental Analysis (EEA), in order to determine the impact of cars and light trucks on environmental and human health. EEA measured emissions of CO2, VOC, and NOx. Their recent study of CO2 emissions in Canada reports that, in every province, passenger vehicles account for less than 20 percent of total CO2 emissions. In British Columbia, vehicle emissions will account for only 15.65 percent of total CO2 emissions in 2000, down from 16.81 percent in 1980, despite a significant increase in vehicle usage (EEA 1995). Similarly, EEA’s study of VOC and NOx shows that since 1995, VOC and NOx emitted by autos and light trucks in Vancouver have decreased from 30 percent to 28.3 percent of total VOC and NOx emissions in the area, and are projected to reach 27.9 percent by 2005. This projection is particularly striking since between 1980 and 2005, total vehicle kilometres driven are expected to increase by 103 percent (EEA, 2000).

Dec. 2000 - from "The Translink Levy: Taxing Patience More than Congestion", published in Fraser Forum