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Hugo L. Black
1886 - 1972
Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1937-1972)

Without deviation, without exception, without any ifs, buts, or whereases, freedom of speech means you shall not do something to people for views they have, express, speak, or write.

quoted in One Man's Stand for Freedom by Irving Dillard (ed.)
It is my belief that there are "absolutes" in our Bill of Rights, and that they were put there on purpose by men who knew what words meant, and meant their prohibitions to be "absolute."

quoted in Hugo Black: A Biography by Roger Newman
Loyalty must arise spontaneously from the hearts of people who love their country and respect their government.

The public welfare demands that constitutional cases must be decided according to the terms of the Constitution itself, and not according to judges' views of fairness, reasonableness, or justice. I have no fear of constitutional amendments properly adopted, but I do fear the rewriting of the Constitution by judges under the guise of interpretation.

1968 - from Columbia University's Charpentier Lectures
... a union of government and religion tends to destroy government and degrade religion. The history of governmentally established religion, both in England and in this country, showed that whenever government had allied itself with one particular form of religion, the inevitable result had been that it had incurred the hatred, disrespect and even contempt of those who held contrary beliefs. That same history showed that many people had lost their respect for any religion that had relied upon the support of government to spread its faith.

Jun. 25, 1962 - from the decision in Engel et al. v. Vitale et al., which outlawed state-mandated school prayer